Bibliography: Immigrant Rights (page 36 of 54)

This bibliography is reformatted and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the Sanctuary Cities website. Some of the authors featured on this page include Washington Commission on Civil Rights, Lydio F. Tomasi, Sean Cavanagh, Sally Boyd, Scilla Elworthy, Taisto Hujanen, Don Chang Lee, Leena Huss, Carolyn Pereira, and Helena Janes.

Fragomen, Austin T., Jr., Ed.; Tomasi, Lydio F., Ed. (1980). In Defense of the Alien. Volume II. Immigration Law and Legal Representation. Proceedings of the Annual Legal Conference on Alien's Rights: Options for the 1980s (Washington, D.C., March 29-30, 1979). First Edition. This collection of papers from a 1979 legal symposium presents the views of government representatives and experts from the private sector concerning the rights of legal and illegal aliens in the United States, international trends in aliens' rights, and immigration/refugee policy options and issues for the l980s. Issues considered include: (1) continuing Immigration and Naturalization Service efforts to improve treatment of undocumented aliens in the United States; (2) basic rights of aliens; (3) employment rights under immigration law; (4) rights to due process in deportation and exclusion proceedings; (5) legal problems that may arise in consulates abroad; (6) problems of undocumented Mexican workers in the United States and efforts to resolve these problems; (7) alien eligibility for government benefits; (8) discretionary relief from deportation; (9) guidelines for lawyers seeking appeals and judicial review of deportation orders; (10) international and U.S. immigration and refugee policies; (11) government and private perspectives on immigration policy issues; (12) rights to asylum in the United States; and (13) trends in migrants' rights in the Arab countries. Contributors include Leonel J. Castillo, Austin T. Fragomen, Jr., Sam Bernsen, Peter Schey, Stephen Fischel, Hugo B. Margain, Herman L. Bookford, Jack Wasserman, Donald F. Heisel, Elizabeth J. Harper, Charles Gordon, Charles B. Keely, Doris M. Meissner, and Georges Dib. Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Court Litigation, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs

National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials Education Fund, Washington, DC. (1989). English Only: The Threat of Language Restrictions. NALEO Background Paper Number 10. The "Official English" (OE), or "English Only," movement claims that the United States is threatened by the use of languages other than English in schools, government, and business. The OE movement is contrary to a national tradition of recognition and respect for the contributions of immigrants to American life. Restrictions on multilingualism are based on and foster an atmosphere of intolerance and xenophobia. The language restrictionist movement is based on the assumption that limited English-speaking persons do not want to learn English. Yet, cities such as New York and Los Angeles have waiting lists for English classes of 10,000 to 30,000 people. The Latino communities of Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, and New York are the prime targets of the OE efforts.  Prohibiting the use of native languages is a threat to civil rights that denies access to voting, educational opportunities, and social services. Those who are serious about encouraging and enhancing the understanding and use of English should devote their efforts to the creation of more English classes and educational facilities. The following materials are appended: (1) a list of eight answers to commonly asked questions about language restriction; (2) a list of organizations opposed to OE; (3) a list of 36 references; and (4) a list of NALEO Education Fund publications.   [More]  Descriptors: Acculturation, Civil Rights, Educational Needs, Group Unity

Ford, Brenda J.; Miller, Michael T. (1995). The GI Bill of Rights Legacy to American Colleges. The Servicemen's Readjustment Act, nicknamed the "GI Bill of Rights," influenced a social change in America and its higher education system that could be compared to that caused by the Industrial Revolution. Making college a realistic expectation for many Americans, it also made future generations look upon a college education as an entitlement. The bill was first devised as a means for bolstering an economy that had been shakily emerging from a depression before World War II by a President who was fearful of what returning veterans would do to the economy. The Bill accomplished many social reforms and helped build the world's largest middle class and the world's strongest economy. The Bill's passage may well be considered the most important event of the 20th century. The long-lasting consequence of the GI Bill was that it turned the hodge-podge melting pot that was America, whose ethnic components had composed an overwhelmingly poor working class of people, into country of people more accurately described as college-educated, middle-class, home-owners. It accomplished the goal of many agencies which had worked for years to assimilate the children of European immigrants into the "American Dream" of education and opportunity for all.   [More]  Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, Change Agents, Educational Change, Educational History

Dorkenoo, Efua; Elworthy, Scilla (1992). Female Genital Mutilation: Proposals for Change. Minority Rights Group International Report. [Revised]. In Africa today, women's voices are being raised against female genital mutilation. Inspired by the United Nations Decade for Women, this report seeks to present information in a logical, coherent manner to stimulate support for eradication of the practice. It describes steps African governments, Western states, and international agencies can take to end the custom. The report discusses the facts, the practice, and the complexity of the female genital mutilation issue; international initiatives and actions, programs, and proposals; the situation in Northeast Africa, Sudan and the Horn of Africa, East Africa, West Africa, and the Western World; directions for the future; and active organizations. The information can be used as a resource for those concerned with the health and welfare of women and children, and with development, social change, and human rights. In Western countries, the fact that female genital mutilation may be practiced in African immigrant or refugee communities demonstrates that teachers must be educated about the practice. Other roles for education include: expanding educational practices currently available; integrating health promotion and counselling against female genital mutilation; and supporting parents who might be considering refraining from the practice. Descriptors: African Culture, Change Strategies, Child Health, Cultural Influences

Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC. (1975). Una Mejor Opportunidad para Aprender: La Educacion Bilingue Bicultural (A Better Chance to Learn: Bilingual-Bicultural Education). The effectiveness of bilingual bicultural education as a means of increasing the opportunities of language minority students is examined in this report, which is addressed to educators and the general public. First, an introduction defines key terms, briefly outlines controversies which surround bilingual education, and describes the contents of the report. Three chapters follow, focusing on different aspects of the central topic. Chapter 1 provides a historical overview of language minorities and education and then focuses on the needs of today's mostly Spanish-speaking immigrants, and the recent public policies affecting them. In Chapter 2, the English as a Second Language approach is analyzed for purposes of comparison and the educational principles underlying the bilingual approach are discussed. In Chapter 3, to clarify what bilingual bicultural programs are and how they work, selected bilingual programs are described, and information is provided on evaluation procedures for such programs. Finally, a brief conclusion discusses the report's implications and asserts that bilingual bicultural education is the program of instruction that currently offers the best vehicle for large number of language minority students who experience language difficulty in the schools. Appendices include discussions of the constitutional right of non-English speaking children to equal educational opportunity, and Federal and State policy on bilingual education.   [More]  Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Educational History, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education

Cavanagh, Sean (2005). Born to Science, Education Week. On an overcast Sunday afternoon April 2005, a crowd of teenagers and their families file through the front gates of Great America theme park, located along a boulevard in the polished suburban circuitry of Silicon Valley. Emerging briskly from this migration of bodies onto the steps of the park auditorium, flanked by his mother and father, is a smartly dressed though otherwise inconspicuous young man named June-Ho Kim. Kim and others have come for a ceremony hosted by the software-design company Synopsys Inc. to honor students' science and technology projects from the Santa Clara County region. His project, a study of T-cell responses and antibodies connected to multiple sclerosis, is up for several awards, including the grand prize. Kim, from the nearby town of Cupertino, is accustomed to the attention. He was recognized as one of 40 finalists for the Intel Science Talent Search, billed as the nation's oldest and most prestigious precollegiate science competition, and a veritable high school yearbook of future Nobel laureates and National Medal of Science winners. Kim's ascension into that elite sphere came about the way it did for many of his peers at Intel and other competitions: through a combination of raw intellect and hours of hard work, from grade school on up. He shares another characteristic with many of the nation's top math and science students. His parents immigrated to the United States in search of better educational and professional opportunities. Inside Great America's auditorium, the fruits of June-Ho Kim's academic work are on full display. As the awards show begins, students are called to the stage to receive individual honors; Kim's name is called four times. After a two-hour ceremony, it's time for the headliner event: the grand prizes. When the list of 13 winning students is read, out of about 300 entries, June-Ho Kim is one of them. Kim is grateful for the recognition, and anxious about what lies ahead. A few months from now, he'll be at Harvard, majoring in biology and trying to decide which area of study most intrigues him. Right now, he's leaning toward neuroscience.   [More]  Descriptors: Science Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Immigrants, High School Students

Howard, Estelle; And Others (1982). Gateway: Deportation. Revised Edition. A Student's Lesson Plan [and] A Teacher's Lesson Plan [and] A Lawyer's Lesson Plan. One of a series of secondary level teaching units presenting case studies with pro and con analyses of particular legal problems, the document presents a student's lesson plan, a teacher's lesson plan, and a lawyer's lesson plan for examing legal issues concerned with immigration and deportation. The unit exposes students to the quota system (a quantitative restriction on immigration to the United States) and to the rules of treaties entered into by the United States with other countries. Although similar in content, student and teacher lesson plans are presented separately to facilitate independent or small group work among students and to provide additional background information for teachers. Prior to a lawyer's visit to the classroom, students complete an opinion sheet as a means of exploring their attitudes toward immigration, and read an article entitled "A Nation for Immigrants?" An activity and glossary are followed by case study analyses and question answering. Due process rights for aliens are outlined. Teacher materials include a reading on court systems and a simplified view of the federal and California court structures. The lawyer's lesson plan provides further questions and discussion on the case studies, discussion concerning resolution of the dispute, and a listing of related court cases pertaining to immigration and deportation.   [More]  Descriptors: Attitude Measures, Case Studies, Conflict Resolution, Controversial Issues (Course Content)

Hall, Ranjit S. (1984). A Human Rights Perspective on Immigration, Emigration, and Migration, Journal of Intergroup Relations. Presents a general discussion of migration from the perspective of human rights. Focuses on refugees; women, children, and the aged; freedom to migrate; internal migration; and refugees in Canada. Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Foreign Countries, Government Role, Immigrants

Janes, Helena; Kermani, Hengameh (1997). Seriedad y Broma (Formality and Teasing): Vertical and Horizontal Scaffolding of Literacy Events in Latino Immigrant Families. A study examined the home literacy practices of 180 low-income Latino recent-immigrant families participating in a 3-year family literacy program. Data were gathered from videotapes of literacy interactions between parents and children using children's literacy materials, audiotapes of naturally occurring conversation among family members, transcriptions of tapes segmented into teaching units and coded for a range of scaffolding strategies and responses, family information questionnaires and screening surveys, tutors' weekly written reports on family visits, and program coordinators' field notes on home-visit observations. Analysis indicates that family literacy events did not occur and are not scaffolded in the same manner in this community as in middle class families, but are likely to happen in a variety of time frames and locations, routinized in culturally specific ways. Authentic literacy practices do occur, and literacy scaffolding centrally involves parents' one-way transmission of "the right way" for an educated child to behave. Literacy scaffolding is as likely to occur between siblings as between adults and children. Ten methods for the program to support family literacy more effectively are outlined. Contains 20 references. (MSE)   [More]  Descriptors: Adult Education, Family Environment, Family Influence, Family Programs

Boyd, Sally, Ed.; Huss, Leena, Ed. (2001). Managing Multilingualism in a European Nation-State: Challenges for Sweden. Current Issues in Language and Society. This collection of papers presents a range of views about the three-layered language situation in Sweden, a situation not unlike that in many other countries worldwide. The papers include the following: "Introduction" (Sally Boyd and Leena Huss); "Swedish, English, and the European Union" (Bjorn Melander), which summarizes studies that focus on the question of the English language's influence on Swedish, primarily as a result of Sweden's membership in the European Union; "The Protection and Rejection of Minority and Majority Languages in the Swedish School System" (Jarmo Lainio), which presents a minority language perspective about the situation in Swedish schools concerning the national language, minority languages (particularly Finnish), and English; "Swedish Tomorrow: A Product of the Linguistic Dominance of English?" (Britt-Louise Gunnarsson), which discusses the role of English in Sweden, primarily in the written medium; and "The World Came to Sweden–But Did Language Rights?" (Tove Skutnabb-Kangas and Robert Phillipson), which examines the role of global English, focusing on myths about the benefits of English as a neutral lingua franca and noting weaknesses of various international legal documents in regard to protecting linguistic human rights. (Each paper contains references.) Descriptors: Academic Discourse, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language), Finnish

Hujanen, Taisto, Ed. (1984). The Role of Information in the Realization of the Human Rights of Migrant Workers. Report of International Conference (Tampere, Finland, June 19-22, 1983). Publications Series B. The speeches and papers presented in this conference report are concerned with the information needs of migrant workers and immigrants and the current provision of this information in the press, radio, television, and educational systems of host countries. National reports on the situation of migrant workers in 14 countries are presented, including reports from Australia by Des Storer and Alan J. Matheson; Austria by Michael Segal and Benno Signitzer; Cyprus by Mikis Sparsis; Denmark by Jan Hjarnoe; the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) by Manfred Oepen; Finland by Taisto Hujanen; Luxembourg by Claudia Hartmann-Hirsch; the Netherlands by Denis McQuail; Norway by Ole-Kristian Hjemdal and others; the Soviet Union by S. Mikhailov; Spain by Pablo Lopez Blanco; Switzerland by Jean-Pierre Vorlet; the United Kingdom by Charles Husband; and Yugoslavia by Aleksandar Spasic and Miroljub Radojkovic. Opening speeches by Urpo Leppanen (Finland) and Colleen Roach (UNESCO) and a summary of the national reports are also presented as well as an outline of the objectives and framework of a proposed joint international study of the communication situation of migrant workers. Appendices contain a list of conference participants, a 12-item bibliography of international documents relating to the role of information in the realization of the human rights of migrant workers, a brief summary of current or proposed research in this area, and a conference agenda. Descriptors: Acculturation, Civil Rights, Communication Problems, Foreign Countries

McCarthy, Martha (1982). Legal Forum. The Right to an Education: Illegal Aliens, Journal of Educational Equity and Leadership. Reviews court litigation in Texas concerning the rights of children who are illegally residing in the United States to public schooling. Focuses particularly on the issue of whether the equal protection clause in the fourteenth amendment applies to noncitizens.   [More]  Descriptors: Court Litigation, Educational Discrimination, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education

Lee, Don Chang (1979). The Korean Church as an Agency for the Assimilation of Koreans in the United States. This study is based on the hypothesis that a functional relationship exists between the emergence of Korean Christian churches in America and an increasing number of Korean immigrants to the United States. The categories investigated include: (1) demographic characteristics of church membership; (2) the purely religious role of the churches; (3) the assimilative functions of the churches; (4) the relationship between clergy and laity; and (5) ethnicity as it relates to the churches. Data collected seem to support the theory and concepts presented in related literature that religion does function for the integration and survival of people in a society. In this case, Korean churches in America function as agents of religious and social assimilation, reinforce Korean ethnic identity and solidarity, and are gradually becoming a center of civil rights activities for Korean Americans. In conclusion, although Korean churches in America suffer from many problems including the lack of religious faith among members, financial difficulty, and intra-church conflict between clergy and laity, their emergence and functions are directly related to the multidimensional needs of Koreans as a minority in this country. Descriptors: Acculturation, Church Role, Civil Rights, Ethnicity

Pereira, Carolyn (1984). The Education of Juan Abdul Tipsuda. A Case Study of the New Immigrant in Chicago. The great variety of cultural and legal backgrounds of present-day immigrants to Chicago and the lack of adequate resources with which to fund programs has made assimilation a difficult challenge. Chicago schools are committed to provide bilingual programs to students with limited proficiency in English and 75 bilingual programs have been developed. Although plans call for citizenship instruction in students' native languages, there are no programs or materials available. Programs for adults usually focus on teaching enough English to meet basic needs. Learning about the American legal system is rarely emphasized, yet this is a crucial need because so many students, both young and older, come from societies with legal systems different from that of the United States. Some programs, such as the Citizens Information Service, begun by the Illinois League of Women Voters, have tried to provide such information but more must be done. A possible way to improve citizenship education is by using concrete cases, such as the case of Walter Polovchak (the 12-year old who refused to return to Russia with his parents), to provide useful information about the American legal system. A format designed by the Constitutional Rights Foundation for use by teachers in bilingual programs is described. Appendixes contain a list of 18 major bilingual programs taught by language and a sampling of curriculum materials on United States history and citizenship.   [More]  Descriptors: Adult Education, Bilingual Education Programs, Citizenship Education, Elementary Secondary Education

Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC. (1987). Recent Activities against Citizens and Residents of Asian Descent. Clearinghouse Publication No. 88. This report describes some recent examples of racially motivated conduct directed against Asian Americans, and identifies factors that contribute to them. The report reviews the following sources of information: (1) literature on the topic; (2) hearings by local human rights agencies; (3) data from the Bureau of the Census, the Office of Refugee Resettlement, and the Immigration and Naturalization Service; (4) state laws on racially motivated crimes; and (5) field investigations in eight states and the District of Columbia. Chapter 1 is an overview of early, discriminatory legislation and other activities directed against Asian immigrants and Americans of Asian ancestry in the United States. The chapter also examines more recent legislation liberalizing the immigration laws.  Chapter 2 describes the geographic distribution of persons of Asian descent and their socioeconomic status relative to that of Whites. Chapter 3 discusses factors that contribute to racially motivated activities against persons of Asian ancestry. Chapter 4 discusses some apparently racially motivated incidents that have occurred in various parts of the country since the 1982 murder of Vincent Chin, a Chinese American, and the community responses to them. Chapter 5 is a conclusion to the report. Tables and figures illustrate the data. Appended are the statements of Commissioners John H. Bunzel and Robert A. Destro. Also appended are the testimony of Congressman Robert T. Matsui; additional tables; a discussion of the methodology; reviews of Federal civil rights statutes, and provisions and penalties of selected State statutes concerning racial violence, harassment, or intimidation; and the text of a cooperative agreement between the United States Government and refugee resettlement agencies.   [More]  Descriptors: Asian Americans, Crime, Ethnic Discrimination, Ethnic Distribution

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