Bibliography: Immigrant Rights (page 40 of 54)

This bibliography is reformatted and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the Sanctuary Cities website. Some of the authors featured on this page include Gerda Wunschel, David Pettit, Sacramento. California State Univ., ESL Magazine, David C. King, Pranati Datta, Lawrence Sauers, IDRA Newsletter, Harriet Orcutt Duleep, and And Others.

Sauers, Lawrence; And Others (1980). Emigration and Immigration: Policies and Practices, Journal of Intergroup Relations. Summarizes a background paper presented and discussion held at a 1978 conference for human rights professionals. Reviews issues related to legal and illegal migration, quotas, and the coordination of migration policies. Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Foreign Countries, Immigrants, Legislation

Eggleston, John (1986). Multicultural Society: The Qualitative Aspects, Research Papers in Education. This paper describes current European multicultural societies, and explores the social problems experienced in education and the related issues in employment, community life, social welfare, and human rights. Descriptors: Access to Education, Cultural Pluralism, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries

Wunschel, Gerda (2003). From Car Park to Children's Park: A Childcare Centre in Development. Working Papers in Early Childhood Development. This working paper describes the development of a child care center in Berlin, Germany, focusing on how the program's pedagogical principles support children's learning, how respect for diversity is integrated in everyday practice, and how program quality and accessibility are defined within a multicultural context. Chapter 1 describes the construction of the child care center from an abandoned parking garage and the response of the community to the renovation. Chapter 2 details efforts to incorporate an intercultural and bilingual approach to meet the child care needs of the primarily-Turkish neighborhood. Chapter 3 presents the pedagogical framework, the contextual child development approach, based upon the premise the children possess individual rights, that they accomplish the steps necessary for their development through their own activities, and that the adult's role is to support children through accountable relationships and to provide a stimulating environment. Chapter 4 describes the planning and furnishing of rooms. Chapter 5 focuses on multicultural education and the center's use of an anti-bias curriculum. Chapter 6 provides examples of some of the curricular themes and describes the use of personal puppets or persona dolls. Chapter 7 describes how program staff work with parents. Chapter 8 highlights new projects, including the development of quality criteria for the contextual approach and the creation of a relaxation room. Appended are guidelines for implementing the contextual child development approach in child care centers.   [More]  Descriptors: Child Care, Child Care Centers, Classroom Design, Classroom Environment

IDRA Newsletter (1998). Technology for Education. IDRA Focus. This theme issue includes five articles that focus on technology for education to benefit all students, including limited-English-proficient, minority, economically disadvantaged, and at-risk students. "Coca-Cola Valued Youth Program Students Meet Peers Via Video Conference" (Linda Cantu, Leticia Lopez-De La Garza) describes how at-risk student tutors learn to use e-mail, fax, and video equipment through participation in a video conference with other student tutors. A sidebar shows how the program supports Texas middle school academic standards. "Financial Aid: Challenges and Possibilities for Minority Students" (Felix Montes) discusses the increasingly hostile environment towards minorities exhibited by higher education institutions following court decisions weakening affirmative action, and reviews four financial aid and college information web sites. "Creating a Grade Book on the Computer" (Charles A. Cavazos) presents step-by-step instructions for computer novices on how to create a grade book using spreadsheet software. "Reflections: Mike the Knife" (Jose A. Cardenas) draws on a personal anecdote to argue that the underachievement of students from atypical populations is due to the tendency of schools to interpret student differences as lack of mental capability. "Integrating Technology into Your Curriculum" (Joseph L. Vigil) discusses strategies for integrating technology into curricula that enhance human interaction, guidance, and modeling. A list of 43 web sites includes the categories: charter schools, general education and equity, magnet schools, national origin equity, race equity, gender equity, sexual harassment prevention, and technology in education. Sidebars present a teacher's Internet use guide; a school opening alert informing undocumented immigrant students, in English and Spanish, of their rights to attend public schools; and facts concerning student computer use.   [More]  Descriptors: Access to Education, Affirmative Action, Computer Uses in Education, Court Litigation

California State Univ., Sacramento. (2000). Hate Behavior and Hate Crimes: What Motivates People To Hate? How Can We Prevent Hate Crimes in Our Schools and Communities? A Town Hall Meeting, Simon Wiesenthal Center, Los Angeles, December 7, 1999 & California State Capitol, February 1, 2000. The LegiSchool Project of California State University, Sacramento, and the California State Legislature planned two town hall meetings focusing on hate crime for the winter of 1999-2000, one in Los Angeles and one in Sacramento to provide forums in which California's high school students, educators, and legislators can engage in face-to-face dialogue about problems of mutual interest. This guide contains background materials, articles, and critical thinking questions to help participants prepare for the meetings. The resource materials are: (1) "Statement by the President"; (2) "S.622: Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 1999"; (3) "SB 80: Hate Crimes Prevention and Prosecution"; (4) "California's Civil and Criminal Laws Pertaining to Hate Crimes"; (5) "Erasing Hate: A Guide to Civil Rights in Your School"; (6) "A Policymaker's Guide to Hate Crimes"; (7) "Hate Crime in California 1998"; (8) "What Makes a Crime Front-Page News?"; (9) "Wiping Out Hate in U.S.: Change Must Begin Community by Community"; (10) "Crimes of Hate"; (11) "Wave of Hate Crimes Reflects a War against Immigrants"; (12) "If We Respond to Hate Groups with Hate: Silenced, They May Be More Dangerous"; (13) "Arson Hits 3 Synagogues in Sacramento Area"; (14) "Charges Filed in Slaying of Gay Couple"; (15) "A Skinhead's Story: An Interview with a Former Racist"; (16) "Resisting Arrest: Racist Resistance Records Isn't Slowing Down"; (17) "Activism vs Hacktivism: HateWatch Condemns Hacking Hate Sites"; (18) "Violence, Hate and Youth"; (19) "Freedom of Hate Speech: Good or Bad, the Internet Is an Open Forum"; (20) "Net Spreads Hate, but Also Fights It"; (21) "National Anti-Violence Coalition Urges House To Pass Hate Crimes Protection Act"; (22) "Taking Hate Groups to Court"; (23) "Fighting Hate across the Nation"; (24) "Hate Crime Laws in the United States July 1999"; (25) "Intelligence Project: Active Hate Groups in the U.S. in 1998"; (26) "Hate Behavior Pyramid"; (27) "No Hate Resource Site: Response to Hate Crimes in the Miami University Community"; (28) "Ten Hate Violence Prevention Resources and Publications on the Web"; (29) "Somewhere in America"; (30) "Ten Ways To Fight Hate"; and (31) "Prejudice: 101 Ways You Can Beat It!."   [More]  Descriptors: Hate Crime, High School Students, High Schools, Legislators

ESL Magazine (1998). ESL Magazine: The Information Source for ESL/EFL Professionals, 1998. This document consists of the six issues of "ESL Magazine" published during 1998. This journal for English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) professionals includes the following articles during this period: "The Internet in the Classroom" (Christine Meloni); "Trippingly on the Tongue: Putting Serious, Speech/Pronunciation Instruction Back in the TESOL equation" (Joan Morley); "TESOL '98 Preview" (Kathleen R. Beall); "Korean Students in the United States" (Marc van der Woude); "The Mouse Replaces the Pencil: TOEFL Goes Electronic" (Effie Papatzikou Cochran); "Accuracy vs. Fluency: Which Comes First in ESL Instruction?" (Miriam Eisenstein Ebsworth); "Russian Immigrants in the ESL Classroom: Success, Motivation, and Acculturation" (Michael Berman); Developing Active Vocabulary: Making the Communicative Connection" (Jayme Adelson-Goldstein); "Dave Sperling: A Man with a Virtual Passion" (George H. Clemes, III); "Arab Students in the U.S.: Learning Language, Teaching Friendship" (Paul Kwilinski); "The Expanding Role of the Elementary ESL Teacher: Doing More Than Teaching Language" (Jodi Crandall); "Going Corporate: Teaching English in the Workplace" (Faith Hayflich); "Learning to Listen" (Marc Hegelsen); "Haitian Students in the U.S." (Roger Savain); "Carolyn Graham: A Conversation with the Creator of Jazz Chants" (Marilyn Rosenthal); "Without Slang and Idioms, Students are 'In the Dark'!" (David Burke); "Homestay: Highlights and Hurdles" (Doug Ronson); "Has Whole Language Failed?" Stephen Krashen); "Literature for Language Learning" (Mary Lou McCloskey); "EFL Positions: Finding the Right Job" (Karen Asenavage, Bob Hunkin); and "Chinese ESL Students in the U.S." (Frank Tang, Helene Dunkelblau).   [More]  Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Acculturation, Arabs, Audiovisual Aids

Duleep, Harriet Orcutt; And Others (1988). The Economic Status of Americans of Asian Descent: An Clearinghouse Publication 95. This report addresses the issues of whether discrimination adversely affects the economic status of Asian Americans today, and whether this group's relative economic status has improved over time. The study separately examines the economic status of the following six largest Asian groups in America: (1) Chinese; (2) Filipinos; (3) Japanese; (4) Asian Indians; (5) Koreans; and (6) Vietnamese. Separate consideration is given to native-born and immigrant populations. Patterns in Asian immigration to the United States and trends in the skill composition of immigrants are traced for the years 1850 through 1980. Current population characteristics of the Asian American family are explored. The study reports on family economic status, including average earnings and the effect of number of contributors to family income. Factors influencing skill differentials, including educational attainment, work experience, and English-language proficiency, are studied. Analyses of earnings and employment for Asian men are presented, as well as studies of Asian women in the work force. A statistical approach is used to test for evidence of labor market discrimination against Asians. Changes in Asians' relative economic status between 1960 and 1980 are described, and recommendations for future research and data collection are forwarded. The report includes nine appendices, a bibliography, 78 statistical tables, and two figures.   [More]  Descriptors: Asian Americans, Chinese Americans, Civil Rights Legislation, Economic Status

King, David C. (1979). Part Two. Personal Voices, Intercom. Presents people's experiences and perceptions of events in four lesson plans. Includes personal accounts of people moving westward, one family's decision to migrate to America, Lucy Stone and women's rights, and Langston Hughes' high school days. Descriptors: Black Culture, Educational Objectives, Elementary Secondary Education, Feminism

Kuropas, Myron B. (1980). Intergovernmental Relations and Ethnicity. Three conceptual ideologies–Anglo conformity, the melting pot, and cultural pluralism–have competed in American thinking to explain the absorption of immigrants into American society. Federal policy has reflected public opinion, as exemplified by the immigrant exclusion acts of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, tolerance of ethnic and cultural discrimination through the 1950s, and by a 1960s public policy shift toward programs designed to assimilate ethnic groups through greater economic and educational opportunities, improved housing, and better social services. At the same time, a new pluralist ideology was being formed, dedicated to the maintenance of cultural diversity. The 1970s, however, never lived up to pluralist expectations and ethnic discrimination is perpetuated to this day by bureaucratic indifference. A model for pluralistic decision making in the Federal government, developed by the Office of Public Liaison in 1976, has begun to address issues important to America's ethnic groups. One such issue included designing the 1980 Census in such a way as to demonstrate the true extent of cultural pluralism today. The acceptance of a pluralist ideal may mean a reevaluation of: (1) the use of the term "minority"; (2) government recruitment policies and decision making models; (3) decentralization of the Federal bureaucracy; and (4) public policy development regarding the family, the neighborhood, and the church. Descriptors: Acculturation, Bureaucracy, Census Figures, Cultural Differences

Pettit, David (1987). Ethnic Parents and Australian Schools. NACCME Commissioned Research Paper No. 7. In seeking effective learning outcomes for all students, Australian schools must recognize that the family life is the prime determinant of attitudes toward school and learning. The greater the fit between the culture and learning patterns of home and school, the greater the likelihood of successful learning for students, irrespective of their background. Schools must seek a partnership with parents. Full parent participation is having an equal say with other parents and teachers on behalf of their children. Values are often in conflict where cultural influences are pervasive and fresh. Recognizing the values in the curriculum, gaining respect for differing values, and resolving conflict are functions of schooling that require parental input. Without parental input, the school becomes the arbiter of something it is not competent to arbitrate. Ethnic parents realize that education is of central importance to their children's success, but are often unaware of their right to participate in school decisions or reticent about expressing their ideas. Barriers to participation by immigrant parents include: (1) language difficulties; (2) a lack of knowledge or understanding of current political and educational philosophies dominant in schooling, of the organization and operation of the school system, and of the educational decision making process; (3) pedagogic and cultural inconsistencies between parents' own schooling and social experiences and those they find in Australia; and (4) teacher attitudes. Group efforts by ethnic minority parents are necessary to bring about policy changes at the local, state, or federal level. 14 references. Descriptors: Change Strategies, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnic Groups

Datta, Pranati (2004). Push-Pull Factors of Undocumented Migration from Bangladesh to West Bengal: A Perception Study, Qualitative Report. Movement is an integral part of human existence. While talking about transborder migration from Bangladesh to India, we are, however, aware that this is a controversial subject. The partition of Bengal in 1947 was the cruelest partition in the history of the world and caused forced illegal migration from erstwhile East Pakistan. It is estimated that there are about 15 million Bangladeshi nationals living in India illegally. West Bengal has a border running 2,216 km along Bangladesh. The present study highlights push-pull factors of illegal Bangladeshi migration based on perceptions of respondents obtained from a qualitative survey done on the basis of purposive sampling in Kolkata and 24 parganas and two districts of West Bengal (WB), an Indian State. The economic push factors that motivate people to leave Bangladesh are instability and economic depression, poverty, lack of employment opportunity, struggle for livelihood, forced grabbing of landed property from minority group, and lack of industrialization in Bangladesh. About 56% of the respondents expressed that lack of industrialisation/lack of employment/economic insecurity would be the probable cause of this migration. Among the demographic factors, population explosion in Bangladesh and lowest human development index may be the most important cause of illegal migration from Bangladesh to West Bengal. Hindu minority group faced problems in connection with matrimonial alliances. Educational curricula, which were framed according to Islamic preaching and curtailment of facilities enjoyed by Hindu minority group, were responsible factor for illegal migration of Hindu minority population. Another cause is social insecurity. Political instability, fear of riots and terrorism in Bangladesh, inhuman attitude and activities of the political leaders, absence of democratic rights, Muslim domination, religious instigation by political leaders, insecurity feeling of Hindus, are the major crucial issues that require to be mentioned as political push factors. About 59% of the respondents are of the opinion that religious fundamentalists/insecurity of the minority group/discriminating law and order against Hindus may be the factors that motivated migration from Bangladesh to West Bengal. In terms of "ethnic cleansing", one can witness elimination of groups of minorities by dominant ethnic group, curbing their rights controlling their influence in a state's system. Double standards are observed in punishing criminals. Police officials do not record complaints from minority community. According to 85% of the respondent economic opportunity in terms of job opportunity, economic security prevailing in West Bengal worked as pull factors for migrants to West Bengal. Geographic proximity of Bangladesh and West Bengal, the linguistics and cultural similarities, same food habit, homo-ethnic climate, belief of getting shelter, cordiality, fellow-feeling, acceptance power of people of West Bengal have contributed to the movements of population from Bangladesh to West Bengal.   [More]  Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Migration, Undocumented Immigrants, Motivation

Fragomen, Austin T., Jr. (1974). U.S. Supreme Court's Decision on Non-Citizenship, International Migration Review. Suggests that at this time, the potential danger resulting from the decision of the Court can only be averted through an amendment to the Civil Rights Act which would add "alienage" as a prohibited form of discrimination. Descriptors: Citizenship, Civil Rights, Discriminatory Legislation, Employment Practices

Engel, John W. (1985). Male/Female Role Values: A Comparison of Caucasian and Japanese American College Students. Research in America on sex role attitudes and beliefs tends to neglect the views of minorities. While there is some research on the sex role attitudes of Chinese Americans, little is known about Japanese American attitudes and beliefs. To assess and compare Japanese and Caucasian American college students' attitudes, a questionnaire assessing values related to men's and women's roles in family and work contexts was administered to 244 Japanese American and 99 Caucasian college students. The results revealed that while all groups tended to be more liberated than traditional, they also maintained some relatively traditional beliefs. Japanese and Caucasian men differed significantly in their beliefs regarding women's place in the home, working women's homemaking and childcare responsibilities, sex differences in abilities related to homemaking and childcare, and men's capacity for enjoyment of homemaking and childcare. Japanese and Caucasian women differed significantly in their beliefs regarding women's capacity to handle the responsibilities of both career and home, potential effects of wife's employment on marital adjustment, their own potential for enjoying the role of a full-time housewife, shared roles in marriage, potential effects of househusband roles on masculinity, women's primary responsibilities, comparative male/female suitability for housework and childcare, and equal rights and responsibilities. Japanese American beliefs and attitudes towards male and female roles can be seen as reflecting both traditional Japanese ideals and the realities of early immigrant life and work in America.   [More]  Descriptors: Beliefs, Child Rearing, College Students, Comparative Analysis

Movement for Canadian Literacy (2004). Literacy in Canada: It's Time for Action. Recommendations for the House of Commons Standing Committee on Finance. According to Statistics Canada, as many as 8 million Canadians do not have the literacy skills necessary to prosper in a knowledge-based society and economy. For most of these Canadians, the challenge is not simply in "decoding" text, but in "understanding and working with" it. The demands of the knowledge-based society are escalating faster than ever before, and the definition of the minimum literacy skills required to meet the challenges of modern life is evolving to match. In recent years, leaders from government, business, labour, and the NGO community have publicly acknowledged the extent and impact of Canada's literacy challenge and the need for action. The provincial and territorial Premiers (Council of the Federation), Ministers of Education and Labour Market Ministers have also identified this as a priority area for action. The strong and widespread support for action on literacy makes it clear that literacy is an issue not only for those who are marginalized, but for all Canadians, and that the time is right for federal government leadership. In this brief, the Movement for Canadian Literacy (MCL) outlines the necessity for action, addresses challenges, and provides the Finance Committee with concrete recommendations. It's goal, and it hopes the Committee's goal as well, is to ensure that Canada and all Canadians are equipped to face the challenges of a complex world. To help reach that goal, governments must make literacy a policy and funding priority. Canada cannot truly move forward as a nation if it leaves almost half of the Canadian population behind.   [More]  Descriptors: Labor Market, Foreign Countries, Federal Government, Adult Literacy

New York State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, New York. (1977). The Forgotten Minority: Asian Americans in New York City. Approximately 2.1 percent of New York City's population is Asian American. This report is concerned with the difficulties faced by members of the Chinese, Japanese, Filipino and Korean communities in the areas of immigration, employment, and as a result of media stereotyping of Asians. An overview of individual Asian communities in New York is presented, including brief histories and immigration statistics. Government policies, such as exclusion acts, regulation of visas for Asians, and the eligibility of immigrants for social security and public assistance, are reviewed. The employment of Asian Americans in New York is examined in terms of their representation in traditional and nontraditional industries. Statistics of Asian representation in restaurant, laundry and garment work, as well as in city and State government, the construction industry, and the health field, are presented. Government sponsored employment services and programs available locally to Asian immigrants are described. The effects of the stereotypic images of Asians projected by the media upon Asian American opportunities are described. Descriptors: Asian Americans, Chinese Americans, Economic Opportunities, Employment Opportunities

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